Nagoya University, Japan
Mental health is an important component for academic and social adjustment in college. The present study examined differences in the factors predicting mental distress among university students in Nigeria and Japan, based on the ecological model. A total of 716 undergraduates (391 Nigerians, 325 Japanese) from four universities in both countries took part in the study. Average age of participants was 25.63 and 20.08 years in Nigeria and Japan respectively. A self-report questionnaire assessed several predictors including individual characteristics via the BNSG scale; micro level factors via the UCLA Loneliness Scale and SPUSSS; exo-level factors via the MacArthur scale of subjective status; and macro level factors via social participation on the outcome measure of mental health via the GHQ-12. A four-step hierarchical regression was computed on the data from both countries and the findings from the final model revealed that the predictors accounted for 16.1% (in Nigeria) and 31.8% (in Japan) of the variance in mental health. Furthermore, in Nigeria, competence and loneliness were statistically significant predictors of mental health while for Japan, autonomy, competence, relatedness, loneliness and club participation had significant regression weights Further analyses to evaluate the structure of the final model from the two countries showed that autonomy (Z = -4.44, p<.01), relatedness (Z= 5.13, p<.01) and loneliness (Z= 2.57, p<.05) had significantly different regression weights between the countries. These findings suggest cross-cultural differences in the influence of ecological factors on mental health of undergraduates with implications for the mental health of college students in both societies.
Managing Partner, Ndalle Bois Sarl
Psychiatric mental health is critical to ensuring the health and wellbeing of individuals, families, and communities. While psychiatric mental health work continues to become increasingly complex and challenging, the demand for psychiatric nurses with evidence-based skills continues to grow. Psychiatric mental health nurses (PMHNs) are the primary providers of professional psychiatric mental health care services Human beings are social species which require safe and secure social surroundings to survive. Satisfying social relationships are essential for mental and physical well beings. Impaired social relationship can lead to loneliness. Since the time of dawn, loneliness is perceived as a global human phenomenon. Loneliness can lead to various psychiatric disorders like depression, alcohol abuse, child abuse, sleep problems, personality disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. It also leads to various physical disorders like diabetes, autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart disease, hypertension (HTN), obesity, physiological aging, cancer, poor hearing and poor health. Left untended, loneliness can have serious consequences for mental and physical health of people. Therefore it is important to intervene at the right time to prevent loneliness, so that physical and mental health of patients is maintained.