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28th International Conference on Psychiatry & Mental Health

Melbourne, Australia

Wai Yee Mak

Wai Yee Mak

University of West of England Bristol,UK.

Title: Exploring the Impact of Mental Health First Aid on Nursing Students’ Knowledge and Attitude: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial

Biography

Biography: Wai Yee Mak

Abstract

Many general registered nurses could lack the mental health competencies to identify and treat mental disorder.  Nurses and nursing students view people with mental illness negatively.  Therefore, additional education is required for nursing students.  This study aimed to explore the impact of providing the Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training to general nursing students and to evaluate their Mental Health Literacy (MHL) and attitude toward mental illness. This is a single site, parallel pilot RCT.  Seventy nursing students randomly assigned to intervention (MHFA plus Usual Education Practice, UEP) or UEP alone.  MHFA is the education programme and UEP is the clinical placement.  The primary outcome was the vignette questionnaire in MHL, secondary outcomes included attitude.  Assessments were conducted at baseline, post-intervention and 6-month follow-up.  Intention to treat and mixed methods were examined. Repeated measure ANOVAs suggested a strong time effect for MHFA group with partial eta-squared = 0.14 from baseline to post-intervention and significant time effect from post-intervention to 6-month follow-up for attitude.  Friedman tests indicated that order effects might influence three vignette responses.  The ANOVAs also supported the attribution model on controllability and dangerousness.  In beliefs about treatment, six categories were grouped as professional, pharmacological intervention, psychiatric assessment, therapeutic communication, problem-solving skills and psychosocial intervention.  Both quantitative and qualitative data concluded the primary outcome variables were statistically non-significant because of random error.