28th International Conference on Psychiatry & Mental Health
ZEWDITU MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA
Title: PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF SUICIDAL IDEATIO AND ATTEMPT AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS AT ZEWDITU MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA; A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
Biography: Mebratu Mitiku Reta
Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV/AIDS) continues to be an under-recognized risk for suicidal ideation, attempt as well as completion of suicide. Suicidal ideation and attempt in HIV/AIDS is not only a predictor of future attempted suicide and completed suicide. It also reduces quality of life and lead to poor adherence to ART. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of suicidal ideation and attempt among people living with HIV/AIDS at Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. An Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV-positive patients attending HIV care at Zewditu Memorial Hospital. Systematic random sampling technique was used to recruit 423 participants from April to May 2014. Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used to collect data. Multivariable logistic regression was computed to assess factors associated with suicidal ideation and attempt.A total of 417 people living with HIV/AIDs were interviewed with a response rate of 98.6%. Two hundred forty-three (58.3%) of the participants were females. Suicidal ideation and attempt were found to be 22.5% and 13.9% respectively. WHO clinical Stage of HIV (AOR = 6.55, 95% CI: 2.35-18.20), not on HAART (AOR=2.49, 95% CI: 1.07-5.07), depression (AOR=2.45, 95%CI: 1.45-4.12), family history of suicidal attempt (AOR=2.25, 95%CI: 1.01-5.03), and perceived stigma (AOR=1.76, 95%CI: 1.02-3.03) were associated with suicidal ideation. WHO clinical stage (AOR=10.98, 95%CI: 3.56-33.79), being female (AOR=4.48, 95% CI: 1.85-10.81), not on HAART (AOR=3.44, 95% CI: 1.33-8.89), use of substance (AOR=3.39, 95%CI: 1.32-8.73) and depression (AOR=2.04, 95%CI: 1.07-3.87) were associated with suicidal attempt.